Winter has slammed into the UK with a vengeance this year, with record snowfalls and Arctic winds blasting the length of Britain.
It can be difficult enough trying to get through hazardous weather conditions to reach work on time, but what if when you get there the office is only marginally warmer than the outside temperature?
Employment Partner Julia Fitzsimmons has a quick guide to an employer’s obligations when it comes to creating and maintaining a safe working environment during cold weather.
The legal requirements
Despite what a lot of people think, there is no actual legal ‘minimum’ required temperature for a working environment. This is because businesses such as refrigeration storage and chilled food warehouses or factories would instantly contravene the law.
There is, however, a guideline range of between 13°C (if the work involves ‘rigorous physical effort’) to 16°C. The guidelines are laid out in the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, Regulation 7, which states ‘During working hours, the temperature in all workplaces inside buildings shall be reasonable.’ Obviously, the definition of ‘reasonable’ is open to interpretation, and this could cause a problem if you feel the workplace environment is too cold.
It’s worth bearing in mind, too, that the regulations only apply to employees. So if a member of the public visiting a shopping centre feels that the temperature is too cold, then the only real option they have is to put an extra jumper on!
An employer’s duty of care doesn’t just include the inside of a workplace building, but the paths and parking outside. So it’s down to an employer to make sure that paths are salted during icy conditions, and that snow or standing water is cleared.
As the council won’t carry out gritting or salting on private land (only the public footpaths or roads will be covered by the council services), employers may need to either hire in contractors to deal with icy conditions, or carry out precautions themselves.
If an employer doesn’t ensure that icy paths are salted and an employee slips on the ice and injures themselves, that could result in an injury at work compensation claim. If the employer doesn’t have adequate public liability cover, that slip could be very costly indeed.
PPE – wrapping up warm
For employers who have teams or workers operating outside or in cold interiors such as refrigeration warehouses, there is a legal obligation to provide adequate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). This would include everything from gloves and boots to high-viz jackets, thermal layers and eye protection.
If an employer fails to provide adequate PPE, then employees can talk to a legal or union representative and encourage the employer to ensure their health and well-being are catered for.
Can employees refuse to work if it’s too cold?
If the temperature drops below 13°c then technically staff could be allowed to refuse to continue working, but the law is very grey as to whether you would be entitled to paid leave under those circumstances.
The first thing they need to do is inform an employer or union representative that conditions are falling below the minimum standards expected of a healthy and safe working environment, and try to resolve the situation amicably. It could simply be a matter of you just turning up the heating thermostat a couple of degrees.
If a member of staff feels their health is being compromised by a consistently cold working environment and that you, as an employer, have not taken steps to fulfill your duty of care, there could be grounds for further action against an employer.
A working environment that is too cold doesn’t encourage productivity, and can put workers at risk of health issues. It’s up to employers to make sure they are creating a safe, comfortable workplace. Not only is it part of a duty of care, but it’s in your best interests to have a warm, productive workforce who are comfortable in their environment.
*Julia works with a range of agricultural, manufacturing and SME clients across Shropshire. She has acted for national and international businesses and Government departments and specialises in managing employee issues around business restructures.
For more information regards safe working environments, contact Julia on 01952 208420 or firstname.lastname@example.org